Only the three crater swamps, and isolated springs such as Vai Tapa Eru, provided fresh water.A peak population of about 12,000 seen in the 14th and 15th centuries had shrunk to perhaps 6,000.
The soil was eroded or leached, and water resources dried up.
) is a Chilean island in the southeastern Pacific Ocean, at the southeasternmost point of the Polynesian Triangle in Oceania.
Easter Island is famous for its 887 extant monumental statues, called moai, created by the early Rapa Nui people.
Easter Island is a special territory of Chile that was annexed in 1888.
Administratively, it belongs to the Valparaíso Region, and, more specifically, it is the only commune of the Province Isla de Pascua.