Martin Luther King, Jr., Ralph David Abernathy, and many other locals playing major roles in the movement's leadership.
In the decades following, the city earned a reputation as "too busy to hate" for the relatively progressive views of its citizens and leaders compared to other cities in the "Deep South".
During the modern era, Atlanta has attained international prominence as a major air transportation hub, with Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport being by far the world's busiest airport since 1998.
The initial route was to run southward from Chattanooga to a terminus east of the Chattahoochee River, which would then be linked to Savannah.
The city's skyline emerged with the construction of the Equitable, Flatiron, Empire, and Candler buildings; and Sweet Auburn emerged as a center of black commerce. Increased racial tensions led to the Atlanta Race Riot of 1906, which left at least 27 people dead and over 70 injured.
In 1915, Leo Frank, a Jewish-American factory superintendent, convicted of murder, was hanged in Marietta by a lynch mob, drawing attention to antisemitism in the United States.
While minimal compared to other cities, Atlanta was not free of racial strife.
Martin Luther King, Jr., Ralph David Abernathy, and students from Atlanta's historically black colleges and universities playing major roles in the movement's leadership.
Under Mayor Jackson's tenure, Atlanta's airport was modernized, solidifying the city's role as a transportation center.
The opening of the Georgia World Congress Center in 1976 heralded Atlanta's rise as a convention city.
By 1842, the town had six buildings and 30 residents and was renamed "Marthasville" to honor the Governor's daughter. Edgar Thomson, Chief Engineer of the Georgia Railroad, suggested the town be renamed "Atlantica-Pacifica," which was shortened to "Atlanta".
During the American Civil War, the nexus of multiple railroads in Atlanta made the city a hub for the distribution of military supplies.