After the Emancipation Proclamation, many intermarriages in some states were not recorded and historically, Chinese American men married African American women in high proportions to their total marriage numbers due to few Chinese American women being in the United States.After the Emancipation Proclamation, many Chinese Americans immigrated to the Southern states, particularly Arkansas, to work on plantations.It became legal in the entire United States in 1967 when the Supreme Court of the United States ruled in the case Loving v.Virginia that race-based restrictions on marriages violated the Equal Protection Clause of the United States Constitution.Fully a quarter of black men who got married in 2013 married someone who was not black.Only 12% of black women married outside of their race.Yet, there is no evidence that anyone in South Texas was prosecuted for violating this law.The rates of this unusual interracial marriage dynamic can be traced back to when black men moved into the Lower Rio Grande Valley after the Civil War ended.
Of the 3.6 million adults who got married in 2013, 58% of Native Americans, 28% of Asians, 19% of blacks and 7% of whites have a spouse whose race was different from their own.
Anti-miscegenation laws have played a large role in defining racial identity and enforcing the racial hierarchy.
The United States has many ethnic and racial groups, and interracial marriage is fairly common among most of them.
For Asians, the gender pattern goes in the opposite direction: Asian women are much more likely than Asian men to marry someone of a different race.
Among newlyweds in 2013, 37% of Asian women married someone who was not Asian, while 16% of Asian men married outside of their race.