The Maniots suffered from pirate raids by Cretans and Cilicians who plundered Mani and pillaged the temple of Poseidon.
The Maniots were delivered from the pirates when Pompey the Great defeated them.
In 455 BC, during the First Peloponnesian War, it was besieged and captured by the Athenian admiral Tolmides along with 50 triremes and 4,000 hoplites.
While explaining all these points, the study follows a descriptive and comparative methodology.
These breakthroughs happening in the computer technologies also triggered a different perception of what we call functional translation theories defending that every translation is made for a purpose and suggesting a target oriented approach.
In the past a translator had to translate using a typewriter or paper and pen.
During the 12th century BC, the Dorians invaded Laconia.
The Dorians settled originally at Sparta, but they soon started to expand their territory and by around 800 BC they had occupied Mani and the rest of Laconia. During that time, the Phoenicians came to Mani and were thought to have established a colony at Gythion (Roman name: Gythium).