(During this period the road now known as Yesler Way won the nickname "Skid Road", supposedly after the timber skidding down the hill to Henry Yesler's sawmill.The later dereliction of the area may be a possible origin for the term which later entered the wider American lexicon as Skid Row.) Authorities declared martial law and federal troops arrived to put down the disorder.Other Seattle companies founded during this period include Nordstrom and Eddie Bauer.A shipbuilding boom in the early part of the 20th century became massive during World War I, making Seattle somewhat of a company town.Stationed outside Seattle, the Hooverville housed thousands of men but very very few children and no women.
On January 14, 1865, the Legislature of Territorial Washington incorporated the Town of Seattle with a board of trustees managing the city.
Seattle is also the birthplace of rock musician Jimi Hendrix, as well as the bands Nirvana, Pearl Jam, Soundgarden, Alice in Chains, Foo Fighters and the alternative rock movement grunge. Charles Terry and John Low remained at the original landing location and reestablished their old land claim and called it "New York", but renamed "New York Alki" in April 1853, from a Chinook word meaning, roughly, "by and by" or "someday".
The name "Seattle" appears on official Washington Territory papers dated May 23, 1853, when the first plats for the village were filed.
The Town of Seattle was disincorporated on January 18, 1867, and remained a mere precinct of King County until late 1869, when a new petition was filed and the city was re-incorporated December 2, 1869, with a mayor–council government.
Seattle has a history of boom-and-bust cycles, like many other cities near areas of extensive natural and mineral resources.